I attended a talk by the amazing New Jersey meadow-maker Larry Weaner at the Annapolis Horticulture Society.  I’d heard Larry talk on the subject years ago but this talk was totally new to me because after creating 200+ meadows over 30 years, he’s evolved, along with his methods (especially) and plant choices.

So here are some take-aways about naturalistic design and meadow-making from the East Coast expert.


Larry Weaner at the Annapolis Horticulture Society.

  • Cheaper and easier than buying and maintaining every plant is using volunteers – whatever is in the local seed bank.
  • He prefers “management” over the term “maintenance” and the key is managing for plants you want and against the others.  Exploit their differences.  E.g., pasture grasses sprout up early, so they’re mowed aggressively in the spring. Stop mowing in early summer when native grasses like Little Bluestem are actively growing.  
  • Tackle invasives in the least-invaded area first, while it’s easy.
  • Adopt a different level of wildness.
  • Observe how plants spread to achieve the colonization effect you want. E.g. if a desired plant is spread by birds, give birds reason to stay in your yard and make their deposits there, so to speak.
  • Meadows start to look good in their third year.
  • In the Q&A he was asked how to get rid of weeds growing among plants.  The answer – cut, don’t pull, which just creates  disturbance, which means more weeds.  Larry says you can cut four weeds at the base in the time it takes to pull one.
  • Asked about mulch, Larry says his goal is to wean the garden off mulch entirely, by using plants that fill in.
  • Meadows are mowed in late winter, with the cuttings left to die.

A Few Plants

  • Meadow plants do well from seeds, which are viable for a long time, and the best seed source of seeds is the plants themselves, not seeds you can buy.  Some plants can’t be seeded, though, like Pennsylvania Sedge, for which live plants are used.
  • Larry loves Husker’s Red Penstemon, which seeds around.  Plants that reproduce are a good thing.
  • He also looks for plants that quickly and densely cover, thereby inhibiting weeds. Like Golden Groundsel, which spreads vegetatively.
  • Not a native-plant purist, he finds political boundaries particularly unhelpful. (Even in small state like New Jersey there’s a variety of habitats.)  He’s cautious about using cultivars of native plants, though, since they may not provide as much for pollinators as the species.

 In Print

weaner lam

More evidence that meadows and Larry Weaner are hot is the huge feature about them in the new issue of Landscape Architecture Magazine, which happens to be free online this month.  Go to page 76 for a terrific article by Anne Raver, with full plant lists, designs, and more from Larry.  The article also details the enormous cost savings enjoyed by the city of Stamford, CT after converting parkland from lawn to meadow.

And I was happy to learn that Larry is working on a book about all this, with Thomas Christopher and Timber Press.  Tom told me that it’s fascinating to him “because Larry’s successes contradict so much of the traditional horticulture that I learned as a student at the New York Botanical Garden.”  Goody.