Eat This, Feed Me, Taking Your Gardening Dollar

Sisyphus as Orchardist

The Fedco Trees catalog has arrived, and once again I find myself failing to pay any attention to my children and job.  The Fedco catalog is not just informative, it’s entertaining, and so are the hundreds of different fruit trees it offers. I prefer ordering fruit trees from catalogs to buying them in nurseries. They are much less expensive that way, they tend to be much healthier, and you have your choice of varieties, including ones that are probably better suited to your climate than what Home Depot is offering. I’m lucky in that the Maine-based Fedco’s recommendations–and big, beautiful stock–work for me in upstate New York.

Over the course of my gardening career, I’ve purchased dozens and dozens and dozens of fruit trees–and gotten fruit off of almost none. Fruit trees seem to operate on a time-scale that foils me. It can take years before you realize you or the nursery has made a mistake–and then another full season to replace any mistakes, since the catalogs generally only mail their bareroot stock in spring. It can take years under the best of circumstances for the trees to yield any fruit. Deer nibbling can set the trees back so that they never mature. Fruit trees require not just patience, but a commitment to one’s real estate that I seem to lack.

Here is my tale of hard luck and ineptitude:

Apples: A few years after moving into my first house 20 years ago, I cleared a little patch of woods and wound up with a really nice flat meadow for apple trees. I went to a local nursery and bought a bunch of semi-dwarf apple trees. They sat there in the meadow for about five years as if inert: Wrong varieties for the climate, wrong rootstock, poor cultivation in the nursery? Somebody suggested ordering trees from a specialist in cold-hardy varieties, St. Lawrence Nurseries in Potsdam, NY. St. Lawrence is another favorite source of mine, and THOSE trees actually grew, but I moved before I got any fruit.

I moved, in fact, to a place in the country that was loaded with cow apples–in other words, seedling apples whose journey to maturity included the digestive tracts of cows. Most of them fruited only biennially, but they produced bushels and bushels of beautiful apples. Though some of them generated sweeter fruit than others, on the whole their fruit was not very sweet, but that worked for me, since I like tart apples to eat fresh and prefer tart fruit for pies. Since I wasn’t thinning the fruit, the apples were small. My kids would pull out a mechanical apple peeler that amused them and helped me prep the numerous apples required for a pie or two. My feeling here is, score one for Mother Nature.  Cow apples are great. No sprays, no diseases, no fretting on the part of the orchardist required.

Pears: I think ‘Seckel’ pears are one of the most delicious things on earth.  Since pear trees can get very large, I’ve always planted them in wildish meadows rather than in the garden.  They have invariably been eaten off by deer in their first winter. I’ve tried chicken wire cages, but could never make a cage sturdy enough to discourage the deer. I’m sorry, but YOU try burying chicken wire in a meadow full of goldenrod roots.

Plums:  I have very fond memories of pulling sweet blue European plums off a tree in the churchyard in the Bavarian village where my mother grew up, and I have very fond memories of the plum tart my aunts would make with them.  So I planted a row of plum trees just outside my garden fence in the country. The deer found their little branches so delicious that in six or seven years, they never grew beyond sapling size. I finally moved two of the trees to my city front yard in Saratoga Springs, right beside the porch.  They seemed to like the sandy soil and sprang to life…only to get black knot disease.  Two years ago, I replaced one, last spring I replaced another.  The new trees have black knot. I have now given up on European plums. Apparently, only the variety ‘President’ is resistant to black knot, and you need two varieties for pollination.

Cherries:  At my erstwhile country place, where sweet cherries are not hardy, I planted four pretty little ‘Northstar’ pie cherry trees, described as “natural” dwarfs, in my vegetable garden. By its second year, one of the four had a trunk six inches in diameter and was 12 feet tall. Clearly mislabeled! I sawed it off and replaced it. It was late in spring when I made this decision, and the only nursery still shipping ‘Northstar’ was a commercial nursery I don’t ordinarily patronize.  Their ‘Northstar’ tree kicked the bucket over the course of the summer.

This June, as I was just about to sell that house, I noticed lovely sprays of fruit developing on the three remaining trees.  Sigh. Never got to taste one.

A few years ago, I also planted two sweet cherries in the city, at the edge of my new vegetable garden.  I chose a variety called ‘Lapin’ from a nursery that described it as “compact, a true dwarf.”  Hmmm. Other nurseries say ‘Lapin’ reaches 20 feet. Even in their first year, my trees were giving that “compact” notion the lie, shooting up way tall. Now I’m afraid that unless I stay on top of them with my loppers, they will shade out my vegetable garden.

Apricots: Another tree whose size in my city yard is slightly worrisome.  About five years ago, I planted a variety called ‘Puget Gold’ on the north side of my house, where it is shaded in early spring and thus discouraged from blooming too early. Fedco says all their apricot varieties are self-pollinating. But for the last two years, I’ve watched the tree produce a million tiny fruits–and then shed them all in a mass miscarriage.  I’m no expert, but this at least appears to be something genetic. So, this summer, I saw the fruit drop in late June, thought “I need a pollinator,” and on impulse, drove to one of the best nurseries near me, Mettowee Mill Nursery in Dorset, Vermont, where I bought a really big ‘Moonglow’ apricot tree for $62.  I planted ‘Moonglow’ at the far end of my chicken yard.  That tree is so happy there, rooted in sandy soil with a steady snowfall of chicken manure, it is practically smiling.

Peaches:  Ah, now we arrive at my one real success. Peach trees are very precocious: Plant them one spring, and you will get fruit in the second.  They are pretty: I love their long, lazy, almost tropical looking leaves.  They really like the sandy soil I have in my city yard.  Their fruit is ridiculously delicious.

Possibly too delicious!  Peaches seem to attract an interesting type of Saratoga dweller, the super-entitled and aggressive lady in her 60′s.  We have problems with these pests in our school garden, too, where my partner and I and the school principal are constantly having to chase them out while they argue that they are perfectly justified in robbing our garden club because they pay taxes.

They are funny, these women…until they steal every last peach from your hell strip, as they did to me this year.  I woke up at 7:30 one morning, just as everything was about to be ripe…and there was not a single peach on a single tree.

I am trying to trim the biggest of my trees up so that next year, it takes a ladder to get the fruit. We’ll see if that confounds the kimono-clad woman my neighbor sees helping herself to my peaches.

Non-tree successes: Grapes, currants, gooseberries, raspberries. Compared to the above…easy and quick.

A murky future:  Am I giving up?  Have years of failure and a raft of dead trees discouraged me?  Will the sale of my country place and the strange situation I find myself in of being confined to a yard of 7500 square feet curb my purchases? Will the Fedco Trees catalog go in the trash, where it probably belongs, along with Architectural Digest and Garden Design and all such literature of fantasy?

Absolutely not!  This year’s order: A few pears–let’s see if I can keep trees that reach 100 feet in the wild pruned to ten in my yard.  A few hybrid plums that are not susceptible to black knot.  And a few apple trees.  I have no idea where I’ll put them.  But a very, very beautiful tree in my opinion, and at $25 apiece, a relatively cheap dream.

 

Posted by on October 30, 2012 at 10:35 am, in the category Eat This, Feed Me, Taking Your Gardening Dollar.
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12 Responses to “Sisyphus as Orchardist”

  1. I am so glad I’m not the only one with the fruit tree curse! You’ve experienced it on a much larger scale than I have though — I’ve only killed 4 or 5 different fruit trees so far.

    You need to find a spunky 60-year-old lady who’s sympathetic to your cause, and employ her to protect your peaches. Fight fire with fire!

  2. gemma says:

    I gave up on raspberries and blackberries and pulled them all out after finding maggots in every ripe fruit a couple years ago. California and Florida have a new pest, the spotted-wing dropophila, that can lay eggs in intact fruit, so that by the time the fruit is ripe, it’s swimming with tiny, threadlike maggots. I couldn’t eat them anymore.

    To compensate, the new community garden I joined this year has fruit trees! The mulberries, plums, apples, figs, and persimmons almost compensate for the small plot size. I haven’t tried the prickly pear cactus fruit, but one of these days I’ll brave the glochids.

    • Laura Bell says:

      SWD has become my worst enemy! Once upon a time I had this perfect cherry tree – abundant tasty fruit perfect for eating fresh, making desserts, & preserving in so many ways. Now, thanks to those darned flies & their young, I’m lucky to get enough fruit to make one batch of jam, one pie … Oh, the frustration!

  3. I feel spoiled, having lived in (suburban) coastal CA all my life. There are definitely fruit tree problems I’ve experienced but not on that scale. You’re absolutely right that selecting the right variety (both rootstock and scion) for your area is important. CA Rare Fruit Growers and NAFEX are great organizations for learning that kind of information and getting anecdotal data from other growers near you.

    I condole with you about the brazen fruit thieves. Too many “gleaners” have the attitude that public/private doesn’t matter. They’ll just take whatever they see. Makes me feel like coming out with a bill for their share of the mortgage, water bill, fertilizer, horticultural sprays and labor.

  4. tropaeolum says:

    Well, I’ve never had an obsession with fruit trees…until now?

    My parents just had to take down 30 year old, 60-80ft tall cherry trees that had succumbed to armillaria. All trees seem to be susceptible accept larch and birch. Maybe, maybe, I will be totally stupid and buy them some fruit trees that will most likely die from fungus in the off chance they will survive and fruit?

    Fedco must love gardeners like me. We keep their business alive due to our own stupidity…I mean optimism.

  5. Mary Gray says:

    What a great post! I haven’t even attempted fruit trees, but you capture the folly of gardening so well here — the reckless optimism of it all — I think any gardener can identify.

  6. I share your pain with the apples and plums; if it’s not the late spring freezes, it’s the deer that frustrate the finish. Don’t give up on the NorthStar, though! I have one, planted in my landscape right outside the back door as an ornamental. At 10 years old probably 8 feet high and has an 8 inch trunk and bears loads and loads of pie cherries every year. I pick what I can reach and leave the rest for the birds to harvest.

  7. Laura Bell says:

    Michelle – To dissuade the neighbor ladies from picking your peaches, perhaps you should make a professional-looking sign proclaiming the application of some fictional pest-deterrent on said trees, along with a list of vile “side effects” that come with ingestion within X number of days – which will expire shortly after you expect an actual harvest.

    I was all prepped to bemoan alongside you the Sisyphean task of maintaining an orchard, but my troubles (coddling moths & SWD & various fungi) are nothing to yours!

  8. Susan P says:

    Oh my, this scares me because I can see my future. I’m already frustrated at my black currants and their failures (self-polinating my ass). Luckily I’m confined to my apartment’s two balconies, but I’ve already got strawberries, raspberries, black currants, and three quince sapplings. I will say that I’m far more successful with fruit trees than you’ve been, as I grew up in South Florida I have successfully harvested limes, grapefruit, oranges, lemons, and mangoes. Granted, most of it was my dad’s maintenance and they were Home Depot purchases, we did have a big orange tree grown from a grocery store fruit’s seed, but no fruit on that tree. I now believe that anything requiring winter is difficult to grow, but I’ll keep trying.

  9. Sandra Knauf says:

    My fruit tree experience is similar. It’s sad! A sour cherry tree I’ve had for years (Montmorency) is hanging on, never enough for pie, so food for the birds. My green gage plum died after this last year of intense drought (one amazing harvest of one bowl several years ago–the squirrels got them in the other years). One heirloom variety apple tree I bought proved inedible (except to the squirrels) another produced a few pretty decent apples and then nothing this year (squirrels?). A Newport plum I bought may have been mis-marked as it has produced nothing,

    Where I live in Colorado is especially difficult–drought and clay soil–but hope springs eternal! I have noticed a few apricot and peach trees doing well in the neighborhood . . . hmmm, maybe . . .

    P. S. Sorry about your thieving neighbor! (No nicer way to put it as I am pretty sure she knows you are a gardener.)

  10. Jason says:

    Feh on the peach-stealing old ladies! I have never had a fruit tree for people, though I daydream about a sour cherry – more for the birds than for me. The edible berries I do grow are eaten by birds and sometimes squirrels – crabapple, wild and golden currant, serviceberry, black chokeberry and some others not edible for people:viburnums, dogwoods, spicebush. Your apples sound great.

  11. Nell Wade says:

    My suggestion is to learn how to graft your fruit trees and get scion wood from trees that have great fruit. We have a group here called the CA Rare Fruit Growers and they have members throughout the country. They can help you with where to get scion wood and YouTube have some great videos on how to graft.

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